History of Astrology

History of Astrology

The most common astrology practiced in the West, and to a degree in Hindu astrology, has its origins from approximately the 2nd Century B.C.E. with the development of what we call Hellenistic astrology. You can also trace natal astrology's development from the first record we have of a natal chart around 415 B.C.E.  And if you are exploring the origins of the basic symbolism of Western astrology, you can stretch your studies to the stone momuments of Europe, like Stonehenge, that marked important celestial events through to the divinitory analysis of the Egyptians and the different cultures of Mesopotamia that linked celestial events with the fate of the king or kingdom. If we broaden our view still further, archeological evidence of human societies making a meaningful connection between the sky and man reach back 350,000 to 250,000 years. 

Arabic/Islamic civilization is one of three cultures that succeeded the classical period of Greece and Rome. However, this civilization, unlike the Byzantine Greek and the Latin West, did not just inherit from the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome; it also inherited a great deal from the empire that it had completely conquered, the Sassanian Persian. The last and largest of the great middle eastern empires before Alexander the Great was the Persian Empire, often referred to as the Achaemenid Empire (after a Greek form of the name of the dynasty that ruled it). Alexander the Great conquered it in…
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was an English Natural Philosopher who used inductive reasoning in attempts to improve the errors made by Aristotle, and is known for advancing the (scientific) method. As Bacon never actually made any experimental discoveries, nor did he have a laboratory to work in, why has he been given the utmost credit and is considered one of the most prominent Natural Philosophers?
Maggie Nalbandian was born on April 5, 1937 at 15:00 (3:00 PM) in Plainview (Hale County), Texas. She died in June 2015. Maggie founded a bookstore, an annual astrological conference and Kepler College. The bookstore was a starting point for Maggie's enthusiasm and energy. In her own words:  
The roots of Western astrology can be traced back to the ancient people of Mesopotamia; the most detailed, surviving records of the origins of astrology are found in the archaeological remains of the ancient cities of Babylonia. Some of the oldest recorded astrological tablets date back to Babylonian civilization from 2400 BCE.[1] Records show this region settled as early as 4000 BCE and growing into the cultural region known as Babylonia—is what is presently known as Iraq.[2] Early astrological practices from the region consisted of observing and recording the movement of the planets against the backdrop of the fixed stars.
In his first encyclical letter “Deus Caritas Est” (God is love), Pope Benedict wrote: “Everything has its origin in God's love, everything is shaped by it, everything is directed towards it.” The equivalent of what Benedict says about what God’s love means to Christians was, for the ancient Egyptians, transformation.  If there was one thing that embodied the concept of the divine for the ancient Egyptian, it was transformation. That a thing can become another thing was the essence of Egyptian magic. The Afterlife books are filled with spells for transforming, for coming into being in other forms. The process…